EVM Full Detail | Evm machine [ Electronic voting in India ]

EVM Full Detail  | Evm machine [ Electronic voting in India ]
    EVM role

Electronic voting machines: 

Independent and fair elections are important for the democratic values of any country. In this fair, the accurate and transparent election process, there are results that can be independently verified. The conventional voting system fulfills many of these goals. But faulty behaviors like bogus voting and occupation of polling booths are serious threats for Nirvana democracy. In this way, the Election Commission of India has been trying to improve the electoral process to ensure free and fair elections. In collaboration with two public sector establishment Bharat Electronics Limited, Bangalore and Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Hyderabad, India Election Commission explores and designs EVMs (electronic voting machines).

The use of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) was partially started in 1999 in the elections of the general election and state legislatures in India and since 2004 it has been fully utilized. EVMs decrease in time of voting compared to the old ballot system and announce results in less time. The use of EVMs can lead to a substantial reduction in fake voting and booth capturing events. It is easy for people illiterate EVMs to be easier than the ballot system. Compared to voters, the EVMs are easy to reach and bring back.

The gradual development of EVM

EVM Full Detail  | Evm machine [ Electronic voting in India ]

    EVMs were first used in 50 polling stations in Perir assembly constituency of Kerala in May 1982.

    After 1983, these machines were not used because the order of the Supreme Court was issued to legalize the use of voting machines in the election. In December 1988, the Parliament amended this Act and added new Section-61A to the Representation of the People Act, 1951, which gives the Commission the right to use the voting machines. The revised provision was effective from March 15, 1989.

    Electoral Reforms Committee was formed by the Central Government in February 1990, with representatives of several recognized national and regional parties. The Government of India sent the election reform committee for the use of EVM.

    Government of India constituted an expert committee. In this, Prof. Sampat, then Chairman RAC, Defense Research and Development Organization, Prof. P.V. Insertion (then with IIT Delhi) and Dr.C. Rao Kasarwara, director of electronics research and development center, Thiruvananthapuram were included. The committee said in its report that these machines are table-free.

    On March 24, 1992, the notification of amendment was made in 1961 by the Law and Justice Ministry of the Law, regarding the conduct of elections.

    The Commission constituted the Technical Expert Committee once again for its assessment before accepting it for the actual use of new electronic voting machines. Prof. P.V. Ind.Ed. Prof. D.T. Sahni and Prof. A.K. Agarwal became its member.

    Since then, the Election Commission has been working on the late Prof. P.V. Insiderment (former member of the committee), Prof. D. of IIT Delhi. Sahni and Prof. A.K. Agarwal constantly consulted. In November 2010, the Commission increased the scope of the Technical Expert Committee, in addition to two more experts- Prof.K.K. of the Electrical Engineering Department of IIT Mumbai. Professor of Computer Science and Engineering Department of Sharma and IIT Kanpur. Rajat Muna (current Director General C-DAC) was included.

    EVMs are being used in each parliamentary and assembly constituency in the general elections / sub-elections since November 1998. India has changed into e-democracy with the use of 10.75 lakh EVMs in all the polling stations of the country in the 2004 general elections. EVMs are being used in all elections since then.


Features of EVM

EVM Full Detail  | Evm machine [ Electronic voting in India ]

    It is timeless and easy to operate
    Programs that control the functions of the control unit are destroyed in a "once programmable basis" microchip. Once destroyed, it can not be read, it can not be copied or there can be no change.
    EVM machines reduce the likelihood of illegal votes, make the calculation process faster and reduce printing costs.
    The EVM machine can also be used without electricity because the machine runs from the battery.
    If the number of candidates was not more than 64 then elections can be done using EVM.
    An EVM machine can register a maximum of 3840 votes.

frequently Asked question

What is an electronic voting machine? How is its functioning different from the traditional system of voting?

Answer: Electronic voting machine is composed of two units connected by a five-meter cable-a control unit and a ballet unit. The control unit is with the presiding officer or the voting officer and the balloting unit is kept inside the voting compartment. Instead of issuing ballet paper, the voting officer in charge of the control unit will press the ballot button. This voter will be able to use the balloting unit